Um tesouro pagão no Vaticano: a história de amor de Pedro e Inês

O manuscrito estava a ser cobiçado pelo Reino Unido mas a Irmandade dos Clérigos e a Santa Casa da Misericórdia do Porto reuniram fundos para a adquirirem. Foi entregue ao Papa na quarta-feira.

Source: Um tesouro pagão no Vaticano: a história de amor de Pedro e Inês

OTÍLIA FRAYÃO A MULHER QUE FUGIU NO VELEIRO

OTÍLIA FRAYÃO
HISTÓRIA DE OTÍLIA FRAYÃO SERÁ TRANSFORMADA EM DOCUMENTÁRIO.
@Otília Frayão nasceu na Horta em 1927. Uma parte da sua vida é contada quase como um romance. Para fugir à sua vivência no Faial, escondeu-se num iate, o “Temptress”, que tinha chegado à ilha avariado e com o tripulante ferido. Tratava-se Edward Allcard, arquiteto naval inglês, topógrafo marinho, navegador solitário e escritor, que só em pleno oceano descobriu que tinha mais uma passageira a bordo, que lhe pediu que a deixasse continuar a viagem. E assim, supostamente, a levaria até Inglaterra. Só que, por causa de uma tempestade, tiveram de aportar em Casablanca. Otília já era então uma navegadora e colaborava em todas as tarefas. A notícia da sua fuga tinha-se tornado conhecida e foi acolhida por muitos jornalistas e fotógrafos. Um dia Otília recebeu um telegrama de uma senhora inglesa a oferecer-lhe uma passagem para Inglaterra e a estadia por um ano. Otília aceitou desde logo. Meses depois contou a sua história em livro, com o que resolveu os seus problemas financeiros. Mais tarde casou com um nobre inglês. Toda esta aventura está contada no livro “Temptress Returns (ed. Putnam, Londres 1952) do próprio Edward Allcard.
A sua história foi tão falada que Camilo José Cella escreveu uma crónica intitulada “Eduardo Allcard e señorita Otília – el Robinson y su Beatrice”.
Dela disse Ruy Galvão de Carvalho: “Os poemas que ela nos deixou impõem-na como uma poetisa de largo vôo”.
Otília era tia do também poeta faialense Mário Machado Fraião e irmã de Mário Frayão cronista e figura do panorama cultural faialense. Otília morreu em 2020 em Espanha, onde viveu os últimos anos da sua vida.
O poema que publicamos traduz a vontade de sair da ilha.
“RAÍZES“
Oh! este desejo de partir
e não voltar.
Este receio de ficar
por não poder partir.
Esta brusca saudade
daquilo que existe lá longe
no meio, princípio e fim
dessas águas de sombra…
Este querer doloroso…
que salta, geme e se espalha
por coisas nunca vividas
que grita enlouquecido
a dor de não poder entrar
no porto que não quero ver.
Luz que não quero acender
e que em vão procuro apagar.
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a beleza antigamente

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A reminder to any woman who looks at her body and finds it flawed: these are prehistoric carvings of goddesses. These represent the epitome of feminine beauty to those we seek to emulate when we go on “paleo” diets. Not a flat tummy, thigh gap, or gravity-defying breast among them.
These are bodies that are unique to their owners, and contain stories of desire, creation, hardship, and perseverance. These are bodies that are ready to hold you as you cry. These are bodies that worked every day to provide nourishment, resources and guidance to their communities while also caring for the next generation. They supported one another in their labor, holding one another’s babies while they worked crafting tools, collecting water & singing songs to teach the young about the goddesses they so closely resembled.
And these carvings weren’t found in just one area. They’ve been discovered nearly everywhere humanity has settled and thrived. Which means there was a time when womanhood, in all her power and capacity, was revered not as merely a sexual novelty or shunned as sinful temptation, but seen as a source of inspiration to create, to connect, and to find courage.
Today, our patriarchal society reveres conformity in women over all. It demands that women strive to achieve and maintain a form that resembles an untested girl. Our bodies must look perpetually untouched, unspoiled, a blank slate for a man to claim and use and write his own story upon. Instead of worshiping women as they are, we scrutinize and discard them as never good enough. And the more we strive to conform, the more we give up control of our bodies.
So have comfort, women: with each fat roll and jiggle you gain as you move forward in time, you come closer to resembling the goddess as she originally appeared in the hearts of humanity. She lives in you and longs to be seen and revered as she was before.
And you deserve to be worshipped.
Re post ~ Alaura Weaver

O compositor português do século XVI que põe o Reino Unido em polvorosa

“Durante centenas de anos, o notável Vicente Lusitano foi esquecido. Mas agora, finalmente, tanto a sua música como a sua história estão a ser de novo escutadas.” Artigos publicados na BBC e em “The Guardian” estão a trazer o compositor português do século XVI para a ribalta.

Source: O compositor português do século XVI que põe o Reino Unido em polvorosa

o reino das Maldivas e Portugal

AS MALDIVAS
Em 1551, para fugir a uma conspiração, o Sultão das ilhas Maldivas, Hasan IX, refugiou-se em Cochim.
Dali, pede ajuda às autoridades portuguesas para recuperar o trono, dando como contrapartida futuras concessões comerciais. A troca despertou o interesse português, já que aquele lugar era ponto de escala de todo o comércio entre os estados muçulmanos do extremo oriente e a península arábica.
Hasan IX converte-se ao cristianismo e escolhe o nome cristão de Manuel, passando a ser tratado como Rei D. Manuel. Casa com a portuguesa D. Leonor de Ataíde e vivem em Goa onde têm, conta-se, 5 filhos.
O filho mais velho, o futuro Rei D. João das Maldivas, também se casa com uma portuguesa, D. Francisca de Vasconcelos, e os seus descendentes, reis em título, recorrentemente reivindicam o seu estatuto de herdeiros do trono recordando aos reis de Portugal o compromisso que haviam assumido.
Em 1653 o rei D. Luís de Sousa, filho da Infanta D. Inez que havia casado com Sebastião Tavares de Sousa, faz nova tentativa para recuperar o trono que havia pertencido ao seu Bisavô e envolve-se numa conspiração para derrubar o vice-rei. O plano não é bem sucedido, D. Luís de Sousa é preso e morre em 1656, na costa de Moçambique, a caminho de Portugal.
Sem sucessor legítimo, nomeou herdeiro das Onze Ilhas das Maldivas o Rei de Portugal, D. João IV.
📷Unnamed; India and the Middle East; Jan Huygen van Linschoten 1596
May be an image of map
José Cristóvão and 16 others
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revolta finlandesa independentista 1904

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June 16th, 1904
On this day 118 years ago, Russian governor-general of Finland, Nikolay Ivanovich Bobrikov was assassinated by Finnish nationalist Eugen Schauman.
Almost full century earlier, previously part of Sweden, Finland had been annexed by Russia after Finnish war (1808-1809). Instead of straight up integrating the newly conquered land into the empire, Finland was given autonomy, and became known as the Grand Duchy of Finland. In diet of Finland (1809) the Russian tsar Alexander I – the grand duke himself – had confirmed the rights of Finns under his rule, promising freedom to pursue their own customs and maintain their own religion and identity. Such a concession was necessary due to the difference in cultures and customs. In the Porvoo Diet (1816) he also extended this promise to bind his descendants as well.
In the Grand Duchy of Finland the head of state was the Russian tsar, but it had its own constitution, its own laws and senate, its own army, its own postage stamps, all the works. As the grand duke himself had other duties as tsar of Russia, A general-governor was nominated by the grand duke to be his representative in Finland.
Things worked out quite well for a time. So–called Old Finland, parts of Finland which had been annexed from Sweden in 1721 and 1743, were integrated into Grand duchy of Finland. Finns didn’t get conscripted into Russian army, and the Finnish army wasn’t sent to fight wars in foreign lands. In 1860 Finland got its own currency, the Finnish mark. Serfdom, which was legal in Russia until 1861, was never implemented in Finland. Finns got to run their own government and build their own industrial infrastructure, from railroads to factories and lighthouses and beyond. Finns were allowed to freely develop their own culture and arts. The press was somewhat free under imperial censorship. The tsars even built their summer lodges in calm and beautiful Finland, a haven of nature away from busy cities and court politics. If you ever visit St.Petersburg in Russia, look for red granite pillars (like the ones in St. Isaac’s cathedral) and other elements of red granite in fine old buildings. Those were imported from Finland during the Russian rule, and it is said that grand duchy of Finland is what made building modern St.Petersburg possible.
It wasn’t all smooth sailing but Finns were generally happy enough to live their lives under Russian rule. However all of that came crashing down in 1899, when Tsar Nicholas II gave the February Manifesto, which officially started the russification of Finland. The point was to strip autonomous Finland of its ”privileges” such as separate army, its constitution and laws, its senate and to marginalize non-Russian populations in Finland so that Russian and russified populations would eventually replace them and that Finland could be eventually fully annexed into the Russian empire.
Unsurprisingly the policy of russification was immediately unpopular, as it brought forth strict censorship, repression of Finnish language and Culture, and placed Russian and russified peoples above native Finns. Russian language was set as the official language of the Finnish senate, government offices, and even schools. The Finnish army was also disbanded.
Nikolay Bobrikov was nominated by tsar Nicholas II to be the 13th (Russian) governor-general of Finland in 1898. Bobrikov himself was one of the architects of the February manifest, and one of the main drivers of russification of non-russians within the empire. When his vision encountered political resistance from the Finns, he himself requested, and was given by the tsar, dictatorial powers over Finland in order to “pacify” the Finns.
A constitutionalist resistance called “the Kagal” was formed by the Finns to oppose the russification. At first their operation was nonviolent, resistance through propaganda, but when Bobrikov became a dictator, he expelled the Kagal’s leadership. From that point on the Kagal’s public operations continued to operate based in Stockholm, Sweden.
Resistance overall had been nonviolent up to this point, but there began to be opinions supporting acts of violence. There seemed to be consensus on what should be done, but not who would do it. Turned out they didn’t have to concern themselves with details for long.
Nikolay Bobrikov’s end came June 16th, 1904. Eugen Schauman, a government clerk and son of a former Senator, was waiting for general-governor Bobrikov in the second-floor landing of the Senate House in Helsinki. Schauman working in senate house knew Bobrikov’s schedule, and came prepared with a .32 ACP FN Browning M1900 pistol which he fired three times towards Bobrikov. The first bullet ricocheted harmlessly from Bobrikov’s jacket button, and second one from Bobrikov’s St. Vladimir cross only causing him a scratch in his neck. But the third one hit Bobrikov’s belt buckle and fragmented, entering his body and causing fatal organ damage.
Schauman then turned his pistol around and shot himself twice in the chest, killing himself almost instantly. Bobrikov was still standing, and managed to walk into the senate hall, where he first insisted that he is fine, until he was informed of the blood dripping from him. Despite extensive medical care and surgery, he died of his wounds during the night, 01:10AM on June 17th 1904.
The Kagal had been, after nonviolent activism becoming inefficient, beginning to plan assassinating Bobrikov, but Schauman, working semi-independently, had already been on it for months and acted first. Schauman had even written a will and several letters, even one addressed to the tsar, in which he justified his deed, stated that he acted alone, and explained his actions. About his suicide he wrote:
“It is awful to kill another person. With my own life, I will have to make up for my crime. After making this decision, I am at peace; calm and happy I now go to die.”
After searching his home it was discovered that Schauman left behind many philosophical writings, which tell us more about the motivation behind his actions:
“Freedom is its own reward. With certain and quite minor restrictions, it is an inalienable right of every human being that no external power can deprive him of. Man has no right to give it up for his own part, much less for his children. Freedom is the foundation of self-respect, and without it the great doctrine of man’s moral responsibility would be mere lie and deception. Freedom is a sacred thing and the love of freedom is deeply rooted in our hearts. Do you love your country? Good, then keep in mind the words of [Henrik Johan] Ibsen: “Though thou wouldst give all, but not thy life, thou hast given nothing.”
News of Bobrikov’s death were quietly celebrated in certain circles, but people in general feared how Russia might react. The Russians were also divided: in the state council others demanded that Finns pay for what they had done. But others understood that bullheaded Bobrikov himself had turned the Finns, who were previously friendly and patriotic people, against Russia. The assassination didn’t end the russification policies, in fact it accelerated them by prompting purges of anti-russification activists, but it remains the finest hour of Finnish resistance against internal tyranny and oppression, as well the most famous assassination in Finnish history.
The Russian revolution of 1905 and the Grand Strike in Finland was what ultimately ended what is now known in Finland as ”First period of oppression”. A second attempt of russification, which is today called the “Second period of oppression” would be ordered by tsar Nicholas II as soon as 1908, and would last until the February revolution in 1917. By now, Finland had enough, and would become independent country on December 6th that same year.
Ref:
Alenius, Kari. “Russification in Estonia and Finland Before 1917,”Faravid,2004, Vol. 28, pp 181–194
Huxley, Steven.Constitutionalist insurgency in Finland: Finnish “passive resistance” against Russification as a case of nonmilitary struggle in the European resistance tradition(1990)
Polvinen, Tuomo.Imperial Borderland: Bobrikov and the Attempted Russification of Finland, 1898–1904(1995)
Thaden, Edward C.Russification in the Baltic Provinces and Finland(1981).
Seppo Zetterberg: Kuka oli Eugen Schauman?, pp. 96–97. In Osmo Apunen: Itsenäisen Suomen historia 1: Rajamaasta tasavallaksi. Weilin+Göös 1991.
Jussi Niinistö: Suomalaisia vapaustaistelijoita, pp. 13–18. Nimox Ky, Helsinki 2003.
Authored by Hevi Heinonen
May be an image of 2 people and people standing
Jesús Calvo Pita and 4.6K others
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Navio naufragado há 340 anos pode mudar o que sabemos sobre a história do século XVII – ZAP Notícias

A descoberta do Gloucester, um navio naufragado há 340 anos pode mudar o que sabemos sobre a história marítima do século XVII. Um navio de guerra britânico afundou em 1682 enquanto carregava um futuro rei. A embarcação foi agora localizada no leste da Inglaterra. O navio em causa é o Glouceste

Source: Navio naufragado há 340 anos pode mudar o que sabemos sobre a história do século XVII – ZAP Notícias