timor lorosae notícias 12/8/13

TIMOR LOROSAE NAÇÃO – diário


BRASIL VENCEU III OLIMPÍADA DE MATEMÁTICA DA CPLP

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 02:39 PM PDT

LAS – MLL – Lusa
Maputo, 11 ago (Lusa) – O Brasil venceu a III Olimpíada de Matemática da CPLP, realizada em Maputo, obtendo uma medalha de ouro e três de prata, numa competição em que participaram ainda alunos de Portugal, Moçambique e de São Tomé e Príncipe.
Portugal, com uma medalha de ouro, uma de prata e duas de bronze, classificou-se em segundo lugar, seguido de Moçambique, com três medalhas de bronze.
São Tomé e Príncipe, o outro participante, não conquistou qualquer medalha.
Falando sobre a não comparência dos outros países lusófonos, Ivaldo Quincardete, director moçambicano do Ensino Secundário Geral, disse que Angola e Cabo Verde não justificaram a sua ausência, enquanto Guiné-Bissau e Timor-Leste alegaram a situação política atual que se vive naqueles países.
O evento é uma iniciativa que envolve a participação de jovens estudantes, de até 18 anos, selecionados exclusivamente através da sua competência na disciplina de matemática.
“Depois de uma semana de intensas competições em que usaram como instrumentos o vosso saber, a vossa inteligência, a criatividade e imaginação chegamos hoje ao fim da Terceira Edição da Olimpíada da CPLP”, disse Quincardete.
Dezasseis alunos de países lusófonos participaram esta semana, em Maputo, nas III Olimpíadas de Matemática da CPLP, destinadas a promover o gosto pela disciplina e a desmistificar a ideia de que a Matemática é um “quebra-cabeças”.
Os 16 alunos, menores de 18 anos e a frequentarem entre o 10.º e o 12.º anos, foram submetidos a provas de Matemática, na quarta e na quinta-feira, com vista a apurar-se a classificação final para alunos e países e a premiar os melhores com medalhas.
EXCESSO DE CIDADES NOVAS VAZIAS PREOCUPA GOVERNO CHINÊS

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 02:33 PM PDT

VP – MLL – Lusa
Pequim, 10 ago (Lusa) – Muitas províncias chinesas têm construído bairros inteiros ou cidades que estão praticamente vazias, “por falta de planeamento” face ao ‘boom’ do mercado imobiliário chinês, advertiu hoje um responsável pelo urbanismo no Governo chinês, citado pela agência oficial de notícias Xinhua.
Segundo Runling Qiao, vice-diretor do Centro de Desenvolvimento Urbano da China, “quase cada localidade de tamanho médio ou grande tem planos para construir”, na periferia, apostando numa urbanização rápida para estimular o crescimento económico.
Em muitos casos, as novas plantas das cidades são ainda maiores que as dos municípios que as promoveram e, por vezes, estão quase ou completamente vazias, disse Runling Qiao, cuja instituição que dirige depende do equivalente a um ministério de economia.
“A China tem atualmente um excesso de oferta de cidades”, disse aquele responsável no fórum de desenvolvimento urbano realizado na província oriental de Jiangxi, dando como exemplo o caso de Kangbashi, uma cidade do norte da China, na Mongólia interior, projetada para acomodar 1,5 milhões de pessoas mas que atraiu somente dezenas de milhar de compradores, apesar de ter parques faraónicos, teatros e museus.
Estatísticas oficiais revelam que a terra urbanizada na China aumentou 83,41% entre 2000 e 2010, enquanto a população urbana cresceu apenas 45,12 por cento nesse período.
O Governo central chinês está preocupado com a gestão económica de muitos conselhos locais, fortemente endividados, e, recentemente, anunciou uma auditoria à dívida do Estado, que começou no dia 01 de agosto.
APÓS 31 MORTES, METRÔ SE TORNA REFÚGIO CONTRA ONDA DE CALOR NA CHINA

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 02:28 PM PDT

Terra – Efe
Centenas de pessoas em Xangai, cidade que vive a pior onda de calor em 140 anos, o que causou a morte de 31 pessoas na região, estabeleceram residência temporária no interior do metrô, onde o ar condicionado lhes permite esquecer as temperaturas de mais de 40 graus vividas do lado de fora
Segundo o jornal Oriental Morning Post, em apenas uma estação, a de Xingzhong, na linha 9, foi possível contar até 400 pessoas que passam grande parte do dia sentadas nos corredores de acesso à plataforma.
Sentadas em papelões e esteiras, as pessoas que optaram por essa solução são em sua maioria trabalhadores que passam no local seus horários de descanso para comer ou pessoas de baixa renda que não tenham ar condicionado em suas casas, de acordo com o portal Shanghaiist.
“Muitos vêm para aproveitar as baixas temperaturas, e, para manter a ordem, não faremos nada para impedi-los”, disse um porta-voz do metrô, quem ressaltou que só pede aos novos “moradores” que não fumem, comam ou joguem cartas no local.
Xangai não é a primeira cidade chinesa a recorrer ao subsolo para fugir do calor. Na vizinha Nankín, uma das localidades mais quentes do país, em todos os verões são abertos ao público os antigos refúgios nucleares construídos nos tempos da Guerra Fria por serem locais mais frescos.
Desde julho, o leste da China não teve temperaturas menores que 35 graus, e em uma cidade da região os termômetros chegaram a marcar 43 graus, o verão mais quente já registrado na região em 140 anos de medição.
Dez pessoas morreram em Xangai, 15 na vizinha província de Zhejiang e seis em outras divisões administrativas por causa da onda de calor, um número que é de três a quatro vezes maior que a de outros anos.
JAPÃO TEM ONDA DE CALOR E TEMPERATURAS MAIS ALTAS DOS ÚLTIMOS 6 ANOS

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 02:24 PM PDT

Terra – Efe

Uma forte onda de calor no Japão elevou as temperaturas para mais de 40°C neste sábado em vários pontos do país, as maiores registradas nos últimos seis anos, informou a Agência Japonesa de Meteorologia. Os termômetros chegaram a apontar marca a máxima de 40,7°C nas prefeituras de Kochi e Yamanashi, no oeste e no centro do país, enquanto em 290 pontos de observação situados por todo o arquipélago superaram os 35°C.
A máxima de hoje se situou muito perto da máxima histórica, marcada em 16 de agosto de 2007 na região de Saitama, ao norte de Tóquio, quando foram registrados 40,9°C. Em Tóquio, a temperatura ultrapassou os 37°C, enquanto a oeste da capital, na prefeitura de Yamanashi, chegou-se a 40,5°C.
O forte calor, que segundo os especialistas se deve à finalização antes do previsto da temporada de chuvas, fez com que tanto as redes de televisão quanto os jornais e inclusive os megafones das ruas advertissem a população sobre a necessidade de hidratação. Eles aconselham que as pessoas bebam 1,5 litro de água por dia e evitem sair à rua nos horários de maior temperatura.
Durante o mês de julho, quase 24 mil pessoas tiveram que ser hospitalizadas no Japão devido ao calor. Delas, 27 morreram, segundo dados da Agência Japonesa de Gestão de Incêndios e Desastres. Dos mortos, 48,2% foram idosos, enquanto as pessoas com idade entre 7 e 17 anos são 14,1%.
Do total de atendidos em julho, 644 chegaram em estado grave e tiveram que permanecer mais de três semanas no hospital, enquanto 8.093 puderam sair antes desse período. O dado representa o recorde histórico durante esse mês no país e a é o segundo maior número de hospitalizados devido ao calor. Em agosto de 2010, o número foi de 28.448 casos.
Por outro lado, na prefeitura de Akita (noroeste do país), as fortes chuvas causaram a morte de pelo menos três pessoas, enquanto outras duas permanecem desaparecidas após suas casas terem sido arrasadas pela água e a lama. Na área, que hoje permanece em alerta vermelho, caiu durante o dia de ontem até 270 milímetros de água, com momentos de até 88 milímetros por hora, o que gerou as graves enchentes.
Foto: AFP
EVACUATIONS UNDERWAY AFTER INDONESIA VOLCANO ERUPTION

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 04:16 AM PDT

Radio Australia – 11 August 2013
Indonesian rescuers are seeking to evacuate thousands from an island where a volcanic eruption on Saturday killed six people.
Indonesian rescuers are seeking to evacuate thousands from an island where a volcanic eruption on Saturday killed six people.
Mount Rokatenda, on tiny Palue island in East Nusa Tenggara province, has been sending large clouds of red-hot ash up to 600 metres into the air.
“The activity…remains high and at dangerous levels. There are no signs it will stop erupting any time soon,” Surono, an official from the state vulcanology agency, said.
The volcano threw rocks and ash 2,000 metres into the sky and sent torrents of molten lava onto a beach, killing three adults and three children as they slept.
Activity had been increasing at Rokatenda, one of numerous active volcanoes in the vast Indonesian archipelago, since October and there had been a series of small eruptions before Saturday.
A rescue team is struggling to evacuate some 2,000 people inside a three-kilometre exclusion zone. A group of “traumatised” inhabitants have already left the island.
Team member Bakri Kari said rescue efforts were difficult as roads were blocked by ash and people were reluctant to leave their homes.
“It was tough trudging through hot ground covered in ash that was 10 to 20 centimetres thick,” he said.
“Everything was burnt by the lava.
“People were scared and many were crying. They wanted to get away from the volcano but at the same time they were reluctant to leave their livestock and homes.”
Rescuers have recovered the bodies of the adults killed on the beach but the children are yet to be found, he said.
About 2,000 people had already been evacuated to Flores before Saturday’s eruption, leaving around 8,000 people still on the island.
Indonesia has dozens of active volcanoes and straddles major tectonic fault lines known as the “Ring of Fire” between the Pacific and Indian oceans.
The country’s most active volcano, Mount Merapi in central Java, killed more than 350 people in a series of violent eruptions in 2010.
Photo: Mount Rokatenda sent fast-moving ash onto a nearby beach, leaving three adults and three children dead. (Credit: AFP)
AFP
HORRIFYING TALES OF CHINA’S CHILD ABDUCTION – with video

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 03:56 AM PDT

Harry Fawcett – Al Jazeera
Parents complain of police indifference to their missing children reports and sometimes accuse officers of complicity.
It’s the cynicism and the cruelty at the heart of this story that has made its unravelling so compelling – even for a country all too used to horrifying tales of child abduction and trafficking.
As head obstetrician at Fuping County maternity hospital, in Shaanxi province, Zhang Suxia held a position of utmost trust.
New parents, often of first and only children, looked to her for guidance and medical expertise.
Instead Zhang, 56, is alleged systematically to have stolen and sold newborn babies in a string of crimes stretching back eight years.
Her method is now becoming clear, repeated in accounts by family after family. Fifty-five couples have now come forward with similar allegations.
Zhang would tell parents that their newborns suffered from congenital deformities, perhaps on the verge of death, that medical care would be ruinously expensive. For a small fee, 15 dollars or so, she could arrange for them to be taken away, or their bodies disposed of.
In fact, these children were perfectly healthy. The real money was to be made by smuggling them out of the hospital and selling them to child traffickers.
We spent Saturday in Xue Zhen village, waiting for two such children to be returned home.
The twin daughters, born on May 31 to Qi Kuenfeng and Wang Yanyan, had been separated.
One of them was bought for $7,500 by a woman in Shandong province who had been told she had been given up by a young unmarried mother
Choreographed moment
In the event, seemingly unsettled by the media presence, local officials announced that the reunion would instead take place in the county hospital, next door to the building from which the babies had been stolen.
The parents were brought into a crowded, noisy room, with an official shouting instructions.
Mrs Wang clung to her husband, barely able to stand as what should have been a deeply personal moment was chaotically choreographed for the cameras. Not a proud moment for any of us in that room.
But then the tiny girls were brought in by police, and handed to the couple. Both seemed to draw strength from embracing their daughters.
Two little lives that – from their first moments had been nothing but commodities to be traded – now back with their mother and father.
What would Mr Qi tell them when they were older, we asked.
“I never want them to know of this,” he replied. “I’m afraid such memories would cast a dark shadow over their lives.”
‘I feel shame’
Dr Zhang was exposed by Mr Qi’s village neighbour, Lai Guofeng. His wife Dong Shanshan gave birth to a son in July.
The obstetrician told the couple that the boy was severely deformed as a result of his mother’s syphilis and hepatitis.
In the following days, the family grew suspicious.
Mrs Dong was tested at another hospital and found to be negative for both diseases. They demanded action.
When Mr Lai threatened to jump to his death from a rooftop, police and officials began to investigate in earnest.
Their son was found and returned. But with so many other alleged cases stretching years into the past, these two reunions will be rarities.
And it’s no coincidence that the two families live doors apart in the same village.
In a still more cynical twist, it’s emerging that Dr Zhang targeted parents that she and her family had had long associations with.
People were more likely to trust her, to believe that she was acting in their interests.
Public crackdown
There are no official statistics for child abduction in China. The best estimates run into the tens of thousands every year.
National government has been engaged in a public crackdown since 2009, and thousands of children have been rescued in televised raids.
But many more parents complain at best of police indifference to their missing children reports.
At worst of complicity among corrupt local officials.
For Qi Kuenfeng and Wang Yanyan, at least, there is a second chance to raise their daughters.
We suggested they would be proud of their parents, for fighting so hard to win them back.
But it’s the day he was convinced to give them up that still plays on Mr Qi’s mind.
“No. I feel shame,” he said. “I feel shame.”
Harry Fawcett is Al Jazeera’s Seoul correspondent
FIGHTERS BLAMED FOR YEMENI TROOP DEATHS

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 03:41 AM PDT

Al Jazeera

Raid by suspected al-Qaeda members kills five soldiers guarding gas terminal amid escalating campaign of drone strikes.
Suspected al-Qaeda fighters have killed five Yemeni soldiers in their sleep in southern Yemen, according to local officials.
An official talking to Reuters news agency said that the soldiers were killed early on Sunday in an attack on forces guarding the country’s only liquefied natural gas (LNG) export terminal in Balhaf.
“The attackers arrived in a car at the army checkpoint near the Balhaf terminal. They opened fire with automatic weapons, killing five soldiers before fleeing,” a separate military source told AFP news agency, refering to “al-Qaeda elements” as the perpetrators of the attack.
The attack follows an escalating campaign of drone strikes by the US over the past two weeks after a worldwide travel warning that forced the US to close its embassy in Sanaa, Yemen’s capital, and evacuate some staff.
A drone attack in Yemen’s southern Lahij province destroyed a vehicle travelling on a mountain road and killed the two suspected al-Qaeda members inside it on Saturday, according to local officials and residents.
The attack was the fourth of its kind in the last three days that killed 15 people in total.
Yemen said on Wednesday thatit had foiled a plot by al-Qaeda to seize the port of Mukalla, the capital of Hadramawt province and a major oil and natural gas export hub.
The US closed has closed some most of its embassies and consulates in the Middle East and North Africa since August 4 after reported intelligence intercepts from al-Qaeda suggested an attack is imminent.
The US administration has said it would reopen 18 embassies and consulates except for its Yemen mission, which will remain closed.
Yemen is one of a handful of countries where Washington acknowledges using drones, but it does not publicly comment on drone attacks.
Source: Agencies
AUSTRALIAN LEADERSHIP HOPEFULS HOLD DEBATE

Posted: 11 Aug 2013 04:03 AM PDT

Immigration and economy figure prominently as Prime Minister Rudd goes head to head with conservative challenger
Kevin Rudd, Australian prime minister, is being put under pressure on immigration and the economy in the first debate of the country’s election campaign.
Rudd, who retook the Australian Labor Party leadership in late June, has repeatedly said he is the underdog in the September 7 national poll against Tony Abbott, the conservative opposition leader.
The pair are holding an hour-long televised debate in the national capital Canberra after a full week of campaigning which has seen them crisscross the country seeking votes.
The latest Galaxy poll, published in Australia’s Sunday Telegraph newspaper, showed that while it remained a tight race, Labor’s primary vote fell from 40 to 38 percent while Abbott’s Liberal/National coalition rose from 44 to 45 percent.
In a two-party race between Labor and the conservative coalition, the government was trailing 49 percent to 51 percent, according to the poll of 1,002 voters taken at the end of last week.
“This election is very close,” Chris Bowen, the treasurer, told the Australian Broadcasting Corporation.
“It’s very tight, we’re the underdogs. But this election will be decided on the big picture.”
Al Jazeera’s Andrew Thomas, reporting from Christmas Island where there is a detention centre for migrants, said immigration would be a hot-button issue after Abbot accused Rudd of being unable to protect the country’s borders.
“Kevin Rudd has announced a policy as tough as his political opponent’s, sending refugees to rudimentary camps in Papua New Guinea or Nauru,” our correspondent said.
“Telling would-be asylum seekers that they’ll never end up in Australia is supposed to dissuade them from getting on boats. But the tough border protection message is also for Australian voters.”
He said that though some voters are appalled by the policy and are holding weekly pro-refugee rallies in an attempt to promote the humanitarian case, only the small Greens party is putting refugee rights centre stage.
As well as immigration, the economy will feature as a decade-long resources boom is beginning to unwind, with the central bank this week scaling back its near-term forecasts for economic growth.
“That’s the other big issue here in Australia,” Al Jazeera’s Thomas said.
“The economy seemed to be doing well by international standards but has dipped recently. That, too, will be top of the agenda.”
Abbott, who earlier on Sunday took part in a 14km fun run from Sydney’s Hyde Park to Bondi Beach, said he was ready for the debate at the National Press Club.
“I’m looking forward to it because it’s both of our chances to present directly to the Australian people what are our positive plans for the future,” he told the country’s Nine Network television.
Source: Al Jazeera and agencies
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